During 14-18 May of 2018, multi-stake holders met for the assigned negotiation rounds that are designed to bring the most advanced and SDG-approach focused compact. With every draft states are being precise on specific regulations to be included or excluded from the compact. Co-facilitators Juan Jose Gomez Camacho, Permanent Representative of Mexico, and Jurg Lauber, Permanent Representative of Switzerland are serving to bring out the most constructive negotiations on the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration highlighting as well as requiring all participant states to keep their bar not lower than New York Declaration when making statements.
While stake-holder states expressed their remarks and corrections on the revised draft, some states shared their position on what should be the center of concern on the next round of negotiations.
In this regard, Bulgaria’s representative urged all stake-holders to include and uphold the children’s importance in drafting accelerated solutions. Per se, migrant children’s life conditions and socio-legal services should be formed to accommodate their utmost urgent needs and draft as a long term compact to facilitate and serve for the children moving in transit, lost or in need of humanitarian assistance. As noted by Bulgarian representative compact must secure: access to legal pathways in obtaining nationality and citizenship of origin, verifying identity documents, accessing safe migration and receiving early childhood education, increasing literacy level as well as effectively combating with child-smuggling black market and child-labor exploitation. Indeed, securing safe and peaceful future of children will undeniably bring its long-term benefits to the society they are living in.
Notably, the theme of the last session’s discussions highly concentrated on issue of racial discrimination and policies related to further protecting migrants from work exploitation. During the hearings Vietnam mentioned the 1999 Migrants Convention as a standard base to cover the needs of migrants that face high risk of being smuggled, abused or exploited in a foreign country. However, while most states were also adding on this issue, China’s opposition left everyone in the conference room adrift. The representative of China responded very directly rejecting the facts and evidence in implementing non-discriminatory policies against migrants by saying that ” We should focus on reality-based events, not evidence”. The statement was quite ambivalent and quite astonishing for the attendees, but supported by the fellow Russian representative.
Brazil, the Holy See, Nepal and Turkey in line with many other permanent state observers spoke out to address xenophobia, hate crimes and racism that migrants regardless of their status face in the host country. Specifically, the Holy See suggested modifying compact to deal with acts of violence that are directed to migrants based on their race, face and ethnicity. In line with the Holy See, Brazil clarified that policies should be gender-responsive and race sensitive. Turkey chaired for raising social awareness and creating violence-fighting peaceful campaigns that would nurture tolerance.
Although the 4th round of GCM was quite engaged in improving the draft for the upcoming 5th round, many states at this point have expressed their main message to the co-facilitators and observers.
Our CCNY NGO Youth Representatives will be closely watching and reporting the next round of multilateral negotiations.
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